Student number 65000
Can Multilateral Environmental Agreements solve global environmental problems? If so, how and if not, why not?
It is clearly known that the world is divided into two smaller parts. Developed and developing world or in other words, west and south. These two parts are in the same planet, but they are extremely different. When people think about South they imagine poverty, starvation, unstable life and corruption. While, West countries represent wealth, stability, high life expectance and power. In recent deecades, the gap between south and west countries is getting bigger than ever before. If it goes in the same speed by 2016 one percent of richest will own more than others ninety-nine percent (Slater 2016). The question inevitably erases how multilateral environmental agreements (MEA’s) can solve global environmental problems when we have such a big inequality in the world and international community is not working as a one body? This essay will examine the difference between backwards and developed nations in vaarious aspects and why it is so important to achieve equality to make a huge difference within environmental protection. It will argue that under the same circumstances what we have now it is impossible to solve environmental problems. Sovereignty, corruption, la
First of all, sovereignty is the absolute power within state. “Sovereignty can refer to coercive state power or a human being’s right to self-determination. In international law sovereignty usually means legalized state autonomy, but that definition is misleading, as state power relies either on domination or cooperation in order to “feel” like sovereignty”1 (Stauffer 2010). Also, it is indivisible, exclusive and comprehensive. In other words, there is no greater power above sovereignty. It is one of the most important reasons why global agreements cannot be achieved (Litfin 1997). Countries see their interests above global problems, especially environmental. When countries want to encourage others to do something whhat they do not want to do, they do not have to obey for others, because it is out of their jurisdiction. Sovereignty says that each country have their own decision to chose what is best for them. Looking from the cultural perspective, whaling for Japanese people for a long time has been a tradition. This nation understands it like a normal thing, as others kill animals such a pigs or chickens. However, the rest of the world says that th
Difference between West and South development level is another critical reason why environmental problems cannot be solved. Observing an economical perspective rich West Countries is way far away in the front comparing with poor countries. They have enough money to supply people to live decent live. Their citizens do not need to think how to get food to live one more day. While poorest countries need to think about daily challenges. They worry about extremely different things. However, developed countries push less developed countries to be greener and more environment friendly than they are now. But it is unfair, because when industrialization started in XVII century all western countries started to produce goods in account of environment (O’Neill 2009). Especially in that time co
Poverty is another important aspect why MEA’s cannot solve global environmental problems. ” According to the most recent estimates, in 2012, 12.7 percent of the world’s population lived at or below $1.90 a day. This means that, in 2012, 896 million people lived on less than $1.90 a day”2 (Anon 2015). While this situation exists in the world further progress in this field cannot be reached. Then there is starvation governments should solve this problem first. After that when this awful problem will be solved they can fink about environmental problems. However, western countries must be main participants in solving this problem. Programme as UN millennium is really helpful. Th
Difference between west and south political systems is the main reason why environmental agreements cannot be applied to the world and furthermore achieved. North hemisphere government known as sustainable, stable and well working. While South countries is opposite of that. Majority of them have unstable government, high level of corruption and huge inequality in various areas. These are the main difference between two sides. In current situation MEA’s cannot be applied effectively. Most of threats are from developed countries where lots of universities and specialists. It means that majority of them are in benefit for these countries. Those people can rely on government and new laws are implementing successfully, while in other countries they are ineffective. Also, they are less interesting to cooperate with each other to achieve same result (DeSombre 2000). Furthermore, corruption is the key point in government participation. Big corporations are really influential particular in south countries. They have strong connections with government and the aim is not environment. These t. . .
Anon 2012. International Energy Statistics [Online] Available at: http://www.eia.gov/cfapps/ipdbproject/IEDIndex3.cfm?tid=6&pid=29&aid=12 [Accessed: 22 October 2015].
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Blok, A. 2008. Contesting Global Norms: Politics of Identity in Japanese Pro-Whaling Countermobilization. Global Environmental Politics 8(2), pp. 39–66.
DeSombre, E.R. 2000. Developing country influence in global environmental negotiations. Environmental Politics 9(3), pp. 23–42.
Green, M. 2015. How we can make the world a better place by 2030. . Available at: http://www.ted.com/talks/michael_green_how_we_can_make_the_world_a_better_place_by_2030#t-8344 [Accessed: 23 October 2015].
Litfin, K.T. 1997. Sovereignty in World Ecopolitics. Mershon International Studies Review 41(2), pp. 167–204.
O’Neill, K. 2009. The Environment and International Relations. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Pr, O.U. and Hornby, A.S. 2010. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary. Turnbull, J. et al. eds. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
Slater, J. 2016. Richest 1% will own more than all the rest by 2016 [Online] Available at: https://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressreleases/2015-01-19/richest-1-will-own-more-all-rest-2016 [Accessed: 21 October 2015].
Stauffer, J. 2010. Equality and Equivocation: Saving Sovereignty from Itself. Law, Culture and the Humanities 6(2), pp. 167–184.
1 Stauffer, J. 2010. Equality and Equivocation: Saving Sovereignty from Itself. Law, Culture and the Humanities 6(2), pp. 167–184.
2 Anon 2015. Poverty Overview [Online] Available at: http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/overview [Accessed: 23 October 2015].