War and peace

The twentieth century has marked a clear watershed not only in mankind’s social history but in its very destiny.
The outgoing century is different from those that preceded it in that, for the first time ever, mankind cannot regard itself as immortal, for it has become aware that its dominion over nature has limits and may even threaten its own survival.
Even if nuclear war can be avoided, the threat to mankind will remain, for the Earth may one day no loonger have the capacity to bear the burden of human activity.
It is becoming increasingly clear that the historic form of mankind’s existence that produced modern civilization, with all its seemingly boundless possibilities and comforts, has also engendered a multitude of problems that need to be addressed without delay.
Solutions can, in principle, be found. The twentieth century has taught people many lessons. The emerging social, economic, political and information interconnectedness of all parts of the world community is objectively prreparing the ground for joint efforts that could avert the threat of a “creeping catastrophe” and solve global problems on a planetary level. There is, after all, no other way to succeed.
In that sense, the twentieth century can be said to

o be the beginning of a transition to a new era; for mankind, the end of this century is a crucial fork in the road, a time to respond to the challenges of the future. Should we swim with the flow, or can we harness the available knowledge and experience, can we manage the processes of globalization and identify appropriate responses?
Our initial hypothesis is that the survival and development of mankind is increasingly dependent on its ability to effect a profound spiritual reformation, to be followed by a dramatic reordering of the social, economic and cultural patterns of its development. The Project is, in fact, an attempt to verify this hypothesis.
Its goal is to search for answers, to obtain new &##8220;cautionary knowledge,” and to identify a humanist alternative through the study of various scenarios of development. This work will pursue several avenues, exploriing philosophical, socio-cultural, socio-environmental, economic, political, and global security problems. A sub-project on “Russia in the Emerging Global System” will be an organic part of the proposed study.
The Project will seek wide-ranging cooperation with other groups of researchers and with national and international centers that work on similar issues and are suggesting their own ideas, concepts, and theories.
The Pr
roject aims to be a contribution to the debate developing around the world on the problems of globalization and mankind’s prospects in the twenty-first century. Its central assumption is the need to preserve a universal human perspective, to prove its viability in new circumstances. All sub-projects proceed from the belief in the possibility of a “democratic globalism” – a unity of the world based on cooperation, not on force and hegemony.

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