Theme : HOW CHILDREN RIGHTS CHANGED THROUGH THE HISTORY

Theme : HOW CHILDREN RIGHTS CHANGED THROUGH THE HISTORY

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From ancient times children were separate part from peoples comunity.
They had exlusive rights and duties , which changed during ages and
ages . In diferent nations and diferent groups of people they were
diferent too , though the times were the same . Even in the same
nation children rights were equally respected , and violated. For
example in ancient Egypt one of the pharaohs ordered to kill all male ,
new-born jewish children , because he thought , thst thhe jewish
(hebrew) people became more powerful than they , egyptians were.
According to the Bible , he said unto his people:

Behold , the people of Israel

are more and mightier than we.

And he said , When ye do the office

of a midwife to the hebrew women ,

and see then upon the stools ;

if it be a son , then ye shall kill him :

but if it be a daugter then she shall live.
Of course , it was the roughest breaking of children rights. But in the same country , almost at the same time , small – agged prince
Tuthanchathon sat on the the throne . His aunt wanted to occupy the
throne herself , that means to break his , as pharaoh_s child_s and
throne heir_s, rights,but this time child_s rights
defence wo

orked realy strongly , because Tuthanchathon was an egyptian ,
not jewish child , and , of course , pharaoh_s son.

The same kind of violation of children rights was in Sparta – they
killed children too , but this time – for another reason. From five
years age spartians took their male children to the military trainings.
And if a child was too weak for such trainings , they killed him.It_s
a strict breaking of child_s rights , because children can_t chose ,
what physical or mental shape will they born.

But the times were changing , so the attitude towards children
rights was changing too. Masive and cruel children killing was stopped.
Of course , that doesn_t mean , that the violation of child_s rights
was stopped too. For example in Midle-ages in Europe parents coould hand
over their just – born children to abbeys , could chose them any
profession they want or even to set up a marriage without asking them.
Also children often had to work very hardly , and at work they had to
keep up eaqually with adults , otherwise they were punished. But after
some hundreds years passed , that kind of kind of child_s neglect had
vanished too , and step by step children were admitted to the circle of
all people , who have full ri
ights.

Despite of such relief , children rights and their defence remains a
unsolved problem . Now-a-days our cilivization has reached very high
levels , but it can_t deal with it .We still have lots of situations,
where child_s rights are neglected.One of them has occured
and continues to worry world_s society in China. It_s linked with the
number of people , who live in China , because that number fastly
increases , and allready_ve reached more than 1.2 billion! So , in
that country all families , that have underaged children , must pay
aditional taxes . That badly worsens social situation of such families ,
so parent_s can_t support their children as good as they require .
Other countries are indignant at such situation. In Saudi Arabia the
goverment even pays more then $ 20.000 to the mothers , who born children ,
because they respect child_s rights and want the children of their country
to live happily. The Constitutions of many countries contain some points
about child_s rights. Lithuanian Constitution has such points too .
For example they say , that :” Goverment takes care about families , what
raise up their children at home , while they are underaged “. That shows,
that Lithuania repsects child_s rights too.

So , we_ve traveled throught the history from ancient times to our
days. You should_ve mentioned , that I_ve mi
issed one thing , which
from time to time occured and died out during the human civilizations
history. It_s war. War is the exeption from all rules , because it
has no rules. During a war there_s just one right – the right of the
strongest – he can do whatever he wants , not respecting other rights ,
even child_s rights. The best example is the Balcan war , where from
illnesses , hunger and agression die children. The United Nations
Organization is really concerned about that. They proved that by
establishing a fund , which is called ” Help Children Of Sarajevo “

As you see , when wars occur , all the success , that was reached
during thousands of years in child_s rights protection , vanishes.
But when wars die out , those rights regain their former respect ,
that_s why wars are just rude exeptions , which can_t stop the whole
process.We think , that history goes the right way , because there_s
more and more laws , confirming child_s rights in lots of countries.
And we are happy about the developement of those laws , because living
in good circumstances lets us to become more free , more inteligent and
educated generation.

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