The European Union and Lithuania 3
Economic terminology 5
THE EUROPEAN UNION AND LITHUANIA
The European Union (EU) is the European supranational organization dedicated to increasing economic integration and strengthening co-operation among its member states. At the moment EU counts countries, including Lithuania.
Firstly, The European Union history established on 1 of November in 1993, when the treaty on European Union was ratified by the 12 members of the European Community. Under the Treaty on EU, customs and immigration agreements were enhanced to allow European citizens greater freedom to liive, work or study in any of the member states, and border controls were relaxed
Secondly, such as organization has to work properly, so decision – making in the EU is divided between supranational European institutions and the governments of the member states.
Lithuania was invited to start the negotiations in 1999 and on 15 February 2000, Lithuania started negotiations for the EU membership. Lithuania enters to the EU on 1 May2004. Lithuania has issues and tackles a problem:
Political criteria. Efforts should be sustained to improve the opperation of the judicial system, to intensify the fight against corruption and to improve prison conditions.
Economic criteria. Economic policy needs to stimulate proper training of the labour force with a view to increasing flexibility and orientation towards a market ec
Internal market without frontiers:
a) Free movement of goods
b) Free movement of services
c) Free movement of persons
Innovations. Institutional reforms and curricula development should support education in those professional areas which contribute directly to accession. Efforts are needed in developing European studies curricula, new courses on regulated professions, applications of modern technologies and establishment of quality assurance systems.
Economic and monetary union. Macroeconomic policy should seek to keep inflation and interest rates low and ensure confidence in the economy.
Industry. To enhance competitiveness, further efforts should be made to pursue policies aimed at promoting open and competitive markets.
Agriculture. Substantial efforts must be made to ensure the alignment of legislation with EU requirements. With regard to veterinary and phytosanitary requirements, special attention must be paid to the uppgrading of establishments and the inspections and control arrangements for protecting the EU external borders.
Fisheries. The fisheries must be strengthened to ensure the effective implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy, in particular as regards the conservation and the management of resources, the implementation of a monitoring and control system, the management of the common organization of the market in fishery and aquaculture sector, the implementation of a structural policy in the fisheries and aquaculture sector, the keeping of the fishing ve
Energy. Special attention must be paid to energy efficiency, environmental norms, and to emergency preparedness including the building up of mandatory oil stocks.
The capability of the nuclear regulatory authority to implement Western style licensing at Ignalina Nuclear Power (INPP) needs to be strongly supported. Efforts are needed to prepare a comprehensive, long term energy strategy and to include provisions for spent fuel handling and decommissioning of INPP in the electricity tariff structure.
Transport. Efforts must be made to improve safety (notably in maritime transport), to harmonize environmental standards for air pollution and noise and implement road repair for transport. Steps must be taken to lay the foundations for the future extension of the trans – European networks.
Legislation must be aligned in important areas such as general products safety, sales away from business premise, distance selling, unfair terms of consumer contracts, consumer credit and indication of prices. A strong and independent consumer movement, sustained by public authorities, will need to be developed. Steps need to be taken to combat illegal immigration. Significant progress is on border management and control, including completion of demarcation. The fight ag
1. Cooperation bendradarbiavimas;
2. integration susijungimas į visumą;
3. member narys;
4. treaty sutartis, susitarimas;
5. ratified patvirtinti;
6. custom muitas;
7. agreement susitarimas, sutartis;
8. enhance (pa)didinti, (su)stiprinti, (pa)kelti-(kalbama apie vertę ir panašiai);
9. decision-making sprendimų priėmimas;
10. government vyriausybė, valdžia;
11. accession prisijungimas;
12. negotiations derybos;
13. membership narystė, buvimas nariu;
14. to tackle a problem spręsti problemą;
15. issue svarstoma problema;
16. sustained pastovus, nepertraukiamas, ilgalaikis;
17. operation darbas, operacija;
18. conditions sąlygos;
19. labour force darbo jėga;
20. internal market vidaus rinka;
21. innovation inovacija, naujovių diegimas;
22. development vystymas(is), plėtojimas;
23. assurance garantija, (ap)draudimas;
24. quality kokybė;
25. monetary union pinigų sąjunga;
26. inflation infliacija;
27. interest rates palūkanų norma;
28. ensure užtikrinti, garantuoti, laiduoti;
29. agriculture žemės ūkis;
30. legislation įstatymų leidimas, įstatymai;
31. common market bendroji rinka;
32. resource atsargos, rezervai;
33. statistical data statistikos duomenys, faktai;
34. building up kaupimas, telkimas;
35. indication of prices kainų nurodymas;
36. movement judėjimas;
37. trafficking prekiauti nelegaliai;
38. money laundering pinigų plovimas;
39. fraud sukčiavimas.
3.Čeikauskaitė Irena, ANGLŲ-LIETUVIŲ KALBŲ EKONOMINIŲ TERMINŲ ŽODYNĖLIS, Vilnius: “Informacijos ir leidybos centras”, 1995
4. Anglų-Lietuvių kalbų žodynas „Alkonas“