Present and past tenses
Present simple (every day, usually)
(+) V, he/she/it Vs (I go; she goes)
(-) don’t doesn’t V (I don’t go; she dosen’t go)
(?) do/does V. ?
Where do you go?
Does she go to the seaside? Yes ,she does./No she dosen’t.
Present continuous (now , at the moment.)
(+) am/is/are Ving (I’m going ;she’s going)
(-) am not/ isn’t/aren’t Ving (I’m not going; she isn’t going)
(?) am /is/are Ving .?
Where are you going?
Is she going o the seaside? Yes,she is./No,she isn’t.)
Present perfect (already , yet, just ,ever)
(+) have / has V3 (
(-) haven’t / hasn’t V3 (She hasn’t done her homework.)
(?) have / has V3
What have you done?Have you been to the London? (Yes,I have.No,I haven’t.) Present perfect continuous (for.since.)
(+) have/has been Ving (I’ve been waiting.)
(-) haven’t/hasn’t been Ving (she hasn’t been playing.)
(?) have/has been Ving
Where have been playing tennis?
Have you been running? (Yes, I have./No I haven’t.)
Past Simple (yesterday, last summer .)
(+) V2 /ed (I went to the park;we watched TV)
(-) didn’t V (She didn’t go there)
(?) did V.?
Where did you go?
Did you plllay football? (Yes I did./No I didn’t.)
Past continuous (when.., while.)
(+) was/where Ving (I was watching TV, when.)
(-) wasn’t/weren’t Ving (she wasn’t here)
(?) was/were Ving.?
What where you doing?
Were you playing tennis?(Yes, I was./No, I wasn’t.)
(+) had V3 (I could’t get into the hooouse, because I had lost my key.)
(-) hadn’t V3 (She hadn’t lost her key.)
(?) had V3 .?
Where had you left your bag?
Had you seen her before? (Yes , I had./No ,I hadn’t.)
Past perfect continuous
(+) had been Ving (I had been playing.)
(-) hadn’t been Ving (she hadn’t been playing.)
(?) had been Ving .?
What had you been doing?
Had she been playing football? (Yes,she had./No, she hadn’t.)
I’m leaving tomorrow.
My train leaves at 9.30.
I’m going to leave tomorrow.
I’ll leave tomorrow.
I’ll be leaving tomorrow.
I’ll have left by this time tomorrow.