Life in a big city



Around the world, many cities are getting bigger and bigger as more and more people arrive from the country. Some people are attracted to cities because they think they will find a better life there. Others are forced to move out their villages by war, drought1 and famine2. Cities are the largest of all settlements3. They are busy, crowded places with hundreds of thousands of inhabitants. During the day, people come to the city center to buy things in the shops and work in the tall office blocks. As night falls, people leave work and go to restaurants, theatres and cinemas to enjoy themselves. The streets are full of bright lights from the shops and advertisements. Away from the center, it is quieter. The suburbs4 spread out into the countryside. There is more space there for houses and gardens, shops and parks. Cities are connected to other places by motorways and express trains. Most cities also have airports. The different parts of a city are linked together by roads, railways, trams5 or underground trains. So many people want to move around that the roads are often jammed with traffic. Other problems include noise, fumes6 and vandalism.

1. Drought – sausra, dregmes trukumas.2. Famine – badas, nepriteklius.3. Settlement – kolonija, isikurimas; reguliavimas, issprendimas.4. Suburb – priemestis; pakrasciai, apylinkes.5. Tram – tramvajus.6. Fume – dumai; garai, suodziai.