On the River Lagan, the site was occupied in the Stone and Bronze ages, and the remains of Iron Age forts can still be seen. Belfast’s modern history began in the early 17th century when Sir Arthur Chichester developed a plan for colonizing the area with English and Scottish settlers. Having survived the Irish insurrection of 1641, the town grew in economic importance, especially after a large immigration of French Huguenots arrived after the rescinding of the Edict of Nantes (1685) and sttrengthened the linen trade. It became a centre of Irish Protestantism, setting the stage for sectarian conflict in the 19th–20th centuries. Fighting was renewed in the 1960s and did not subside until a peace agreement was reached in 1998. The city is Northern Ireland’s educational and commercial hub.
Is the capital city of Northern Ireland. It is surrounded by country parks, nearly 50 neighbourhood parks, playing fields and playgrounds and with a population of around 600,000.
A vibrant and prospering city, it has been ennjoying a remarkable renaissance for more than a decade with a flourishing metropolis of smart shops, luxury hotels, great restaurants, exciting nightclubs and affluent lifestyles.
Trendy outdoor cafés prosper alongside cosy, traditional pubs. Award-winning restaurants with celebrity chefs such as Michael De
International retail names are to be found throughout the city.
Belfast is an increasingly cosmopolitan city with Asian, mainly Cantonese-speaking Chinese, Indians and Pakistanis. Muslims and other faiths are also resident. Jewish people have always been prominent in the commercial and cultural life of the city.
There are museums and galleries abound. The Ulster Museum is a world-class treasure house of art and artefacts from every period and every part of the world. Works by Belfast’s most famous painters, Sir John Lavery annd William Conor are also on display.
Musical tastes in the city are more varied than most, with a big following for country and western, rap, blues and jazz as well as classical.
A global travel m
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