The history of satanism
The worship of Satan, or the devil(velnias), the god of evil in
christianity, during the renaissance, witches(ragana), along with heretics,
were accused (kaltinami)of worshiping (garbinimas)the devil. Many
confessed(pripazista) to it, probably coerced [κ?υ??:σ] v (pri)versti by
torture. In popular lore(moksle), witches are still believed to have
worshiped the devil. (In modern neo-paganism and witchcraft(raganyste), or
wicca(burtai,kerai), as it is often called, there is no belief nor worship
of the devil.) Satanism has been far less common (daznai
paplites)throughout history than many would believe. The Inquisitors an nd
witch hunters of earlier centuries tried to persuade (itikinti)the populace
that devil worshipers were everywhere and posed (nustatyti,pastatyti)a
serious threat (gresme)to their well being. For about 250 years, from the
mid-15th century to the early 18th century, the height of the witch hunts,
that argument worked. It is possible that some devil worship may have
actually existed in those times, as an act of defiance(ignoravimas) among
those who opposed (lygina)the authority (valdžia)of the christian
church.Satanism as an organized activity did not exist much before the 17th
century. As early as s the 17th century, however, the catholic
katalikiškas)church was condemning (pasmerkti)priests who subverted
(nuversti)the magical(magiskas) powers of the holy mass(sventos misios) for
evil(blogio) purposes.(tikslu) The Grimoire of Honorious, a magical
textbook first printed in the 17th century (but perhaps older), gave
instructions for saying masses(misias) to

o conjour (susijungti)[κ?ν?δ???ν]
demons. In the 17th century, satanic activities were conducted
(vadovaujamas)by christians who indulged(isitraukti,medautis)in the
magical/sexual rites(apeigos) of the black mass, presided (prizaid
vadovauti)over by defrocked(atimtu kunigyste) or unscrupulous(nesaziningas)
priests. The most notorious(zinomas) of these escapades(issisokimas) took
place in France during the reign(rein-karaliavimas) of Louis XIV,
engineered by the kings mistress, Madamme de Montespan, and led
(vadovavo)by an occultist(okeltizm okultizmas) named La Voisin and a 67
year old libertine (libertyn-laisvamanis)priest, the Abbé Guiborg.There is
no reliable evidence(požymiu) of satanic activity in the 18th century. In
England, the Hellfire club, a society founded by Sir Francis Dashwood (1708-
1781), has often been described as satanic, but in actuality it was little
more than a club for adolescent(edelnest-paauglys)-like men to
indule(isitraukti) in drinking, sexual play with woman called
“nuns”(vienuoles) and outrageous(siaubingas) behavior(elgesys). The
Hellfire club, or the &# #8220;Medmenham monks” as they called themselves, met
regularly between 1750 and 1762 in Dashwood’s home, Medmenham Abbey. The
members were said to conduct(vadovauti) black masses, but it is
doubtful(abejotinas) that these were serious satanic activities. Similar
groups were the brimstone(siera)boys and blue blazers(trumpasSvarkelis) of
Ireland.Perhaps the most famous Satanist in the 19th century was the Abbé
Boullan of France, who became the head of an offshoot(atsaka) of the church
of Carmel and allegedly(tariamai) practiced black magic and infant(kudikiu)
sacrifice(aukojimas). The church of Carmel was formed by Eugene Vintras,
the foreman (meistras)of a
cardboard (karotono)box factory Tillysur-
Seulles. In 1839 Vintras said he received a letter from the archangel
Michael, followed by visions, of the archangel, the holy ghost, St.Joseph
and the virgin Mary. He was informed that he was the
reincarnated(ryinkarneit-persikuniti) prophet(pranasas) Elijah, and he was
to found a new religious order and proclaim(paskelbti) the coming of the
age of the holy(sventas) ghost. The true king of France, he was told, was
one Charles Naundorf.Vintras went about the countryside
preaching(sakytipamoksla) this news and acquiring(isigyti) followers,
including priests. Masses were celebrated that included visions of empty
chalices(tselis-taure) filled with blood stapins(deme) on the
Eucharist.(komunija) By 1848 the church of Carmel, as the movement was
known, was condemned(pasmerktasMirti) by the pope(popiezius). In 1851
Vintras was accused(kaltinamas) by a former disciple(sekėjas) of
conducting(vadovavimas) black masses in the nude(njud-nuoga), homosexuality
and masturbating while praying at the alter.Shortly before his death in
1875, Vintras befriended(draugiskas) Boullan, who formed a
splinter(skeveldra) group of the church of Carmel upon Vintras death. He
ran the group for 18 years, until his death, outwardly maintaining pious
practices but secretly conducting satanic rituals.Boullan seems to have
been obsessed(persekioti) with Satanism and evel since the age of 29, when
he took a nun (vienuole)named Adele Chevalier as his mistress. Chevalier
left her convent(vienuolynas), bore (nuobodus)two bastard (išpera)children
and founded with Boullan The Society for the Reparation of Souls. Boullan
specialized in ex
xorcising (piktujuDvasiuIsvarymas)demons by
unconventional(nesuvarzytas) means, such as feeding possessed
(apimtas)viltims(aukos) a mixture of human excrement and the Eucharist. He
also performed(ivykdyti)black masses. On January 8, 1860, he had Chevalier
reportedly conducted a black mass in which they sacrificed one of their
children.By the time Boullan met Vintras, Boullan was claiming to be the
reincarnated (persikunyti)St.John the Baptist. He taught his followers
sexual techniques and said the original sin(nuodėme) of Adam and Eve could
be redeemed(išpirkti) by sex with incubi (veisti)and succubi. he and his
followers were said to copulate(poruotis) with the spirits of the dead,
including Anthony the great.Boullan’s group was infiltrated (iflirtuoti)by
two Rosicrucians, Oswald Wirth and Stanislasde Guaita, who wrote an
exposé,(atidengti) The Temple of Satan. Boullan and de Guaita
supposedly(manoma) engaged(manomas) in magical warfare. Boullan and his
friend, the novelist J.K. Huysmans, claimed to be attacked by demons. When
Boullan collapsed and died of a heart attack on January 3, 1893, Huysmans
believed it was due to an evil spell cast by de Guaita, and said so in
print. De Guaita challenged him to a duel, but Huysmans declined and
apologized.In his novel, La-bas, Huysmans included a black mass, which he
said was based on his observations of one conducted by a satanic group in
Paris, operating in the late 19th century. He said the mass was recited
backwards, the crucifix was up
pside down, the Eucharist was defiled and the
rite ended in a sexual orgy.By the early 20th century, Aleister Crowley
(known as the black pope) was linked to Satanism. Although he called
himself “the beast”, used the words “life” “love” and “light” to describe
Satan and once baptized and crucified a toad as Jesus, he was not a
Satanist but a magician and occultist.
 Modern Satanism
The Largest movement of modern Satanism began in the 1960’s in the United
States, led by Anton Szandor LaVey, a shrewd(izvalgaus) intelligent man
with a charismatic (zavus)persona and an imposing(ispudingas)
appearance.(pasirodymas) LaVey founded the church of Satan in San Francisco
in 1966, the activities of which became the object of great media
attention.Born April 11, 1930, in Chicago, LaVey claimed an ancestory
(protevis)of Alsatian, Georgian and Romanian blood, including a gypsy
(čigonas)grandmother from Transylvania. As a child he studied music and
became interested in the occult(slaptas)okultizmas. He learned to play the
piano at age 10, and at 15 became an oboist for the San Francisco Ballet
Symphony Orchestra. He dropped out of high school in his junior year and
joined the Clyde Beatty Circus as a cage(kalejimo) boy. He had a gift
(dovana)for working with the large cats and became assistant trainer. It
was in the circus, working with lions, he later said, that he learned about
inner power and magic. On the side he investigated haunted houses. At 18,
he left the circus and joined a carnival as a magician’s assistant and a
calliope player. In 1948 he met Marilyn Monroe and played as her
accompanist.He married his first wife, Carole, in 1951; they had one
daughter, Karla. He studied criminology at City College in San Francisco,
and spent 3 years as a crime photographer with the San Francisco police
department. Disgusted with the violence that he had seen, he quit and
returned to playing the organ at local night clubs and theatres.He began
holding(turėjimas) classes on occult subjects. From these classes
evolved(plėtotis) a magic circle, which met to perform rituals LaVey had
devised or re-created from historical sources on the Knights Templar , The
Hellfire Club, The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and Aleister Crowley.
LaVey apparently (aiskiai)enjoyed the theatrics of the rituals; he dressed
in a scarlet lined cape and kept(raudonaapsiausta) skulls (kaukole)and
other odd (keistas)objects about. Magic-circle members included
actress(artiste) Jayne Mansfield and film maker Kenneth Anger.LaVey
divorced Carole in 1960 and married Dianne, a 17 year old who worked as a
usherette at his friday night occult sessions. The had a daughter, Zeena.
From 1960 to 1966 he developed his elitist satanic philosophy. He viewed
the devil as a dark force hidden in nature, ruling earthly
affairs.(reikalas) Mans true nature, he claimed , is one of lust, pride,
hedonism and willfulness, attributes that enable the advancement of
civilization. Flesh should not be denied but celebrated. Individuals who
stand in the way of achieving (pasiekti)what one wants should be
cursed(prakeiktas).On Walpurgisnacht (April 30) in 1966, LaVey shaved his
head and announced(paskelbe) the founding of the Church of Satan. He
shrewdly(apgalvotas) recognized the shock value of using the term church
for worshiping the devil and recognized peoples innate (igimtas)for ritual,
ceremony and pageantry(iškilmingumas) He performed satanic
baptisms,(krikstas) weddings and funerals, all of which received widespread
(placiaipaplites)media coverage.(nusvietimasSpaudoje) He used a nude woman
(partially covered by a leopard skin) as an alter.(perdirbti) His wife,
Dianne became high priestess of the Church. He baptized (pakrikštyta)Zeena.
Karla began giving lectures on Satanism at universities and colleges.LaVey
preached antiestablishmentarianism, self indulgence and all forms of
gratification and vengeance. Enemies were to be hated and smashed. Sex was
exalted. He opposed the use of drugs, saying they were escapist(vengiantys
tikroves) and unnecessary to achieving natural highs. He also
deplored(apgaileti) the use of black magic in criminal activity. He did not
include the Black Mass in his rituals because he believed the Black Mass to
be out of date. The Church of Satan organized into grottoes. A reversed
pentacle(atvirksciai penkiakampe) containing a goats headOzio, called the
baphomet(apskritakazkas), was chosen as the symbol. LaVey used Enochian as
the magical language for rituals and espoused(palaikyti) the Enochian keys
used by Crowley.The Church attracted an international following. Most were
middle-class and included occultists, thrill seekers(jauduliuieskotojai),
the curious9smalsus), racists(rasistas) and political right-wingers. At its
peak, it was said to have about 25,000 members (years later, ex-members
said the figures were exaggerated). Followers included celebrities, among
them Jayne Mansfield, who became an active member.Mansfield’s involvement
with LaVey deeply disturbed Sam Brody, Mansfield’s attorney(įgaliotinis)
and lover. Brody feared word would break out to the press and that she
would be damaged by negative publicity. In 1967 Brody attempted to scare
off LaVey by threatening(grasinimas) to publish stories about him that
would label him a fraud(apgaule). LaVey responded by putting a
curse(keikimasis) on the lawyer, who suffered a minor car accident shortly
thereafter. LaVey also warned Mansfield that she should sever her
relationship with Brody.In June 1967 LaVey reportedly told Mansfield that
he had a premonition that Brody would have another car accident, and if
Jayne were with him, she might be injured. She dismissed the warning. On
June 29 she was riding with Brody in his car when it collided with a truck.
Both she and Brody were killed, Mansfield by decapitation.Film director
Roman Polanski hired LaVey for his film version of Ira Levin’s Devil-
worshipers, Rosemary’s baby, released in 1968. LaVey portrayed
(aprase)Satan and advised Polanski on Satanic ritual details.LaVey turned
much of his organizational activities over to others in the church and
began writing books. The Satanic Bible was published in 1969, followed by
The Satanic Rituals in 1972. A third book The Compleat Witch, was published
in Europe.In 1975 the Church suffered a serious loss of members, who left
to form a new Satanic organization, The Temple of Set. In the mid-1970’s
the Church of Satan reorganized as a secret society and dissolved into
grottoes. The headquarters remain in San Francisco. LaVey is no longer
active, for he passed away a little while ago. Membership began to rise
again in the 1980’s.The Temple of Set also is based in San Francisco and
had several hundred members as of the mid 1980’s. Key founders were Michael
A. Aquino, Lilith Sinclair (Aquinos wife) and Betty Ford (not the former
first lady, wife of president Gerold Ford). It is an initiatory society
devoted to the Egyptian God Set (also known as Seth), whom members do not
consider evil but merely the prototype of Satan. According to the temple,
Set has, over the millennia, altered human genetics in order to create
people of superior intelligence for the next level of evolution. Three
major phases have occured(atsitikti) the first in 1904, when Crowley
recieved the book of the law; the second in 1966 when the Church of Satan
was formed; and the third in 1975, when the Temple of Set was formed.In his
witings,(samojis) Aquino has prophesied an apocolypse in which only the
“elect” or members of the Temple of Set, will survive. Aquino, a liutenant
colonal in the U.S. army reserves, has an interest in Nazi pagan rituals
practised during World War II but says he does not sympathize Nazi
polotics.A number of other Satanic groups formed in the united states in
the 1970’s were defunct (ismire)by the 1980’s. Nevertheless, Satanic
activities remain widespread on both sides of the Atlantic; some experts
say they were on the rise as of the 1980’s. The extent of Satanism is
impossible to gauge, because of the great secrecy of many orgonizations.
There is evidence of small “family traditions” of Satanism, passed down
from one generation to another. Some Satanists are associated with Neo-Nazi
organizations or sex magic orders. Some Satanic cults are alleged to be
involved in drug, prostitution and pornography trade and to have real
estate holdings. Members are said to include white-collar professionals.
These do not pertain(priklausyti) to the modern day
Satanists(LaVeyan)Michelle Remembers (1980), by Michelle Smith and Lawrence
Pazder, M.D., recounts the terrors Smith experienced as a child of five in
Satanic rituals in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1954-55. She said her
mother yielded (derlius)her to devil worshipers, who used her as a living
pointer in rituals. She witnessed (liudytojas)the ritual killings of
animals and infants and was shut in coffins that were put into graves and
into which were thrown dead animals. She also watched the cult members
attempt to bring life to a white statue of a man with horns. She said she
was tricked (negrazus pokstai)into defacating (sugadinta)on the cross and
was asked to renounce(atsisakyti) the christian god. Smith descibes
instances in which during the rituals, she witnessed the devil
emerge(pasirodyti) from the fire, a man animal with a whipping(plakimas),
snake-like tail that struck her on the neck and seared her
flesh(susilpnintiJosKuna). Fire shot from his finger tips and filled his
mouth. He had clawlike(nagas)hands, steaming nostrils(garuojanti
nosiarykle) and odd(keista) nostrils. His shape constantly changed, and he
appeared to be apart of the fire. Smith was able to purge (išvalymas)her
memories in psychiatric therapy at age 28.Perhaps most dangerous of all are
small cults whose members call themselves Satanists and practise ritual
murder and animal mutilation. Such groups are said to kidnap(pagrobimas)
runaway children and the homeless and use them as sacrificial
viltims(aukos), this is known as devil worship by LaVeyan followers. Ex-
Satanic cult members have reported gruesome rituals in which hearts are cut
out of living victims. Others report that victims are sexually abused
(piknaudziaujama)before being killed; then their blood is drunk and their
flesh is eaten. Women “breeders” (augintojos)produce babies for the
“ultimate” and “ideal” human sacrifice. Former breeders report witnessing
their babies being skinned alive, eaten, burned, poured in concrete and cut
up and thrown in the ocean. Ritual tools are made from their bones.In 1985
a ten year old boy in Bakersfield, Califonia, said that he and about two
dozen other children were taken to a bad church by some 40 adults, who took
off their clothes while chanting prayers(monotoniskasMaldavimas) to Satan.
The children were forced to throw knives (peilius)at a living baby, which
was killed and dissmembered(pasmeigtas). The children were then forced to
drink its blood. Then the boy said that the adults molested(izaginti) the
children. Similar cases were reported throughout California, but the
authorities found little evidence to support the claims. In 1987 a report
issued by the Alberta Royal Canadian Mounted Police suggested that Satanism
might be related to unsolved cases of missing children. Satanists where
also believed to be responsable for some grave desecrations and
robbings.Satanism has been linked to certain oppresive heavy matal rock
bands and teenage suicides (sjusaid-savizudybe)and murders. Some troubled
teens apparently turn to Satanism when they feel powerless and
abandone(paliktas) by thier families, the world and the christian god. They
join cults that encourage(padrasinti), or require, them to carry out acts
of violence to prove thier homage to Satan. Drug abuse is common. The
ritual violence gives them a sence of power.Author Maury Terry, in the
Ultimate Evil (1987), asserts that David Berkowitz, the convicted “Son of
Sam” killer who terrorized New York neighborhoodsin the late 1970’s, was a
member of a Satanic cult that operates in Westchester County and planned
the Son of Sam murders. Terry states the cult is linked to a network of
cults across the country, with a primary headquarters near Los Angeles, and
that Charles Manson may have been involved with it. The cult is reportedly
an offshoot of a Satanic group in England.LaVeyan Satanists, Neo-pagan
Witches and neo-pagans are wrongly blamed for devil worship activities.
Several organizations carry on public relations and education programs for
the media and members of the law-enforcement community to counteract such
accusationsSatanic religious organizations, such as the Church of Satan and
Temple of Set, DO NOT condone the violent blood sacfifices of the cults and
are not associated with them in any way. According to Aquino, the Temple of
Set emphasizes “rational self interest” and taking responsibility for one’s
own intellectual and ethical decisions.

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