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ASPENDOS FESTIVAL

For aficionados of opera, ballet, musicals and classical music Aspendos Festival since 1994 has been a “must” place to be in June and July of every year.

Aspendos Theater the best preserved amphitheater, not only of Anatolia, but also the whole of Europe. On the Mediterranen near Antalya, the theater and its festival have delighted more than 600.000 music lovers. In the last seven years music groups from Russia, Georgija, Croatia, Bulgaria, Azerbaycan, Austria, Romania haven taken part.This year groups from Greece, Kaazakhstan and Belarus will perform.

The Turkish opera and ballet companies from Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and Mersin this year will be joined by the Antalya State Opera and Ballet, which will perform Verdi’s La Traviata.

The National Opera of Greece will perform the famous ballet of Theodorakis – Zorba the Greek. Spartacus of Kazachiaturian is a demanding ballet; it will be performed by the National Academic Ballet Theatre of the Respublic of Belarus.

The state opera of Kazakhstan will be performing an evergreen opera Biizet’s Carmen. It will be interesting to see how the Spanish lady will be transformed into a Central Asian woman.

The Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir Opera and Ballet companies will be performing. Aida, Taming of the Shrew, Hurrem Sultan and Rigolleto.

The 8t

th Antalya Festival certainly will be a memorable event.

ASPENDOS (BELKIS) – THE CITY

According to the Hellenic traditions, Aspendos was built during the leadership of Mophsos by the Colonists who came from Argos. The city was originally known as Estvedia – a name derived from a king known as either Asiavadia or Asitavada.

At the beginning of the 5th century B.C., except for the settlement by Side, Aspendos was the only town minting silver coins. In 330 B.C., Alexander the Great invaded the lover part in the city. During the Hellenisc Era, Aspendos as well as Side was a prosperous residentian location. In 190 B.C., following the Magnesiad Sipylum Wars, Aspendos established a good relationship with Rome. On the death of Attalos III, Aspendos was assimilated inn to the station of Asia under Roman sovereignty. The ruins of today belong to this era.

ASPENDOS THEATER

The city of Aspendos is located in Pamphylia, and the theater is situated in the south of the acropolis. The maximum capacity of the theater is 9000 people. It was designed by the Architekt Zeno during the era of Marcus Aurelius in 161-180 A.D. The orchestra in the form of a circle is located between the auditorium – known as the cavea – and the stage ar

rea. The cavea is divided into two by a horizontal passage called adiasoma. The lower cavea ia divided into 9 separate sections with 10 stairs, the upper cavea is divided into 20 separate sections with 21 stairs. The audience reaches the cavea throught the vaulted (paodi) entries located on both sides of the stage. There is a gallery at the very top op the seating area in the shape of a half circle formed from 59 valuts. It is connected to the stage area by sidewals, creating a majestic sight. There is a additional gallery designetd to support the cavea; the upper level is reseved for important guests, whose names are inscribed on the seats. The remaining seating areas are allocate to the publc.

The drainage channels constructed around the orchestra area help to collect rain-water. During the 3rd century a stone parpet was constructed and used in arena surrounding the orchestra area.

The stage areas are constructed out of stone blocs, with five centrances available at the stage level for the artists. Th stage looks like a two storied structure decorated by twenty Ionic and Corenthean columns. Each floor has many niches supported by smaller columns.

The plays are presented on a wooden platform (proscenium) located in fr
ront of the stage. Howewer the gladiator fights during the roman period were more important than plays.

THE THRACE

EDIRNE A MONUMENTAL CITY

Edrine has a total of five border crossings into Greece and Bulgaria, two by train and three by road. The D- 100 State Highway and trans-European (TEM) motroway both run through Edrine connecting it to Europe and to Turkey’s largest metropolis, Istanbul, a two-hour drive away. It also has a great tourism potential as a starting point to the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas.

Edirne has a rich historical heritage due to its location between Europe and Asia Anatolia.

The fine border town of Edirne greets visitors entering Turkey with interesting mosques, bazaars, bridges, historical houses, and the magnificent Selimiye Mosque.

This city, which deeply feels its cultural heritage, derives its identity and significance from its position as the second capital of the Ottoman Empire.

The Gulf of Saros on the Aegean coastline of Thrace is covered by clean beaches. The Gulf of Saros has the cleanest water in the Aegean due to its strong water currents and its being far from industrials sites. Many different kinds of fish are caught here.

This year, the 640th Historical Kirkpinar Oli-Wrestling and Cultural Activities Week will be held be

etween 26th June – 1st July in Edurne. During the week, folk-dances performances, exhibitions, local food contests and beauty contests will be held before the oil-wrestling competitions take place over the last three days.

In short, Edrine is a marvelous spot for vacation. If you are interested in history, you can visit the Selimiye Mosque, the Beyazid II Complex, a caravanseray, aTurkish bath, an old bridge and the Gulf of Saros.

Edirne is situated in Thrace in the Marmara region. It covers an area of 6,276 square kilometers. The topography consist of plains and rolling hills with an average a of elevation of 41 meters above sea level.

BLACKSEAFOR AGREEMENT

“What brought us here today is in fact our common heritage, the Black sea. This sea has, troughout history linked our countries together. In Turkey, what is wellknown about the Black Sea, is the bravery and courage of its people and I am sure, this is the case for all other littoral countries. So, we feel confident that with these characteristics our navy will fulfill its task. With the stern wind of the BLACKSEAFOR our navy will sailing to the new horizons of friendship and cooperation among our countries.”

Ismail Cem, the Foreign Minister.

On 2 April 2001 Turkish Foreign Minister Mr. Ismail Cem participated in an historic signing ceremony in the Ciragan Palace Hotel, Istanbul, to establish the Black Sea Naval Cooperation Task Group. Other signatories included Georgian Foreign Minister Mr. Menagarishvili, Russian First Deputy Foreign Minister Mr. Avdeev, Ukrainian First Deputy Foreign Minister Mr. Sergeyev, Romanian Secretary of State Mr. Motoc and Bulgarian Chief of Navy Admiral Petrov.

With this Agreement, These countries of the Black Sea came together for the first time in the history of the region, to pool their naval forces into a join formation for humanitarian and environmental causes. The signing of this Agreement is a testimony to the countries` determination to bring the BLACKSEAFOR into life after a relatively short span of time in two years.

The idea of such a co-operation was spearheaded by Turkey, as part of its foreign policy which is based on fostering and maintaining regional co-operation and friendship, as reflected in the words of Ataturk, the founder of the modern Turkey, “peace at home, peace in the world”.

The BLACKSEAFOR initiative aims at increasing peace and stability in the Black Sea as well as promoting regional co-operation. All items in the Agreement are consistent with the purposes and the principles of the United Nations Charter. Furthermore, it is stipulated that the BLACKSEAFOR is neither directed against any state or a group of states.

It is intended to promote naval co-operation, as well as providing an on-call force to carry out certain tasks including

• Search and rescue operations,

• Humanitarian assistance operations,

• Mine counter measures,

• Environmental protection operations,

• Goodwill visits,

Any other tasks agreed by all Participating Nations.

The BLACKSEAFOR is intended to operate in the Black Sea, but can also be deployed elsewhere, should the Parties choose to do so. The BLACKSEAFOR may also be available UN and/or OSCE-mandated operations. Similarly, it can participate in other types of internationals activities in accordance with the aims and tasks of the BLACKSEAFOR will also permit better co-ordination in the event of a tragic incident at sea. This is particularly praise-worthy as the countries of the Black Sea were rivals until a decade ago.

A BRAND IN ISTANBUL:TAV

The “Build-Operate-Transfer” model construction of Ataturk Airport International Terminal ctarted on May 1, 1998 and was completed on January 9, 2001 by the Consortium TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Vie).

The 189 thousand square meter terminal building and the Multi Storey Car Park, the largest mono-block car park in Europe were completed in just 22 months, 8 months ahead of schedule, placing Ataturk International Terminal is a model among its peers and is a testimony to the success of Turkish engineering and workmanship.

The product of 3500 workers, Ataturk Airport International Terminal is the most preferred airport in the Middle East and the Balkans with 35 distinct systems including electrical, electronic and mechanical systems.

It uses the latest technology in its mechanical systems, particularly the baggage handling facility with and hourly sorting capacity of 10 thousand items and CUTE (Common User Terminal Equipment), which provides connection with airlines all around the world in a “Worldwide Internet”.

Ataturk Airport International Terminal was also designed as an environmentally friendly airport with its own treatment systems and noise pollution prevention – as, for example, in the use of “Whisper – Announce” Loudspeakers.

Having completed the project 8 months ahead for early start of operation, TAV opened the biggest door of Turkey, and thus contribute to Turkish tourism in a very important way. With an additional facility to the international Terminal, TAV aim at better and more comfortable service for passengers which will start operating in June 2004 and plan to increase the current capacity of 14 million passengers/year to 20 million passengers/year. The additional facility building to be commissioned in 2004 will also include an art museum, an atrium with gardens, a hotel with a total 84 rooms which can be used distinctly from the land and air sides for special service to passengers. With the integration of this additional facility airbridge numbers will be increased from 18 to 23.

Ataturk Airport International Terminal was rated among the “Best Airport in the World” by the readers of International Herald Tribune, and counted among the “Most Appreciated Terminals” by Wall Street Journal.

Located in Istanbul, an intersection of roads throughout history, and contributing greatly to the promotion of Turkey, the International Terminal is also rated among the selected terminals worldwide with respect to circulation, smooth flow and comfort of passengers.

HUNGARIAN HOUSE

Tekirdag is a beautiful town in Thrace, not far from Istanbul with coasts both on the Marmara and Black Seas.

Barbaros Street in the Ertugrul Quarter of the town is only one of many streets containing houses of Ottoman design. One of these houses, house number 32, is now a museum where moments of the past are still felt at every breath. This is the Rakoczi Museum. Here the old Ottoman the hospitality is ready to open its arms to welcome you, just as did to Ferenc Rakozi II, the leader of the Hungarian people. With the Kurucz Army the founded in order to fight for Hungarian independence, Frenc Rakoczi went into six great battles against the Habsburg hegemony. However, after all that bloodshed, Rakoczi was defeated and had to flee firs to Poland, and then to France in 1710. Yet, betrayal was awaiting him when King Lois XVI of France and the Russian Tsar both refused to help him, although they had previously promised to. In the and, Rakoczi and his attendants took refuge in the Ottoman Empire, which had always been a soil on which people of all religions and beliefs could live freely. They arrived in the Ottoman town of Edirne on January 4,1718. Here Rakoczi met Sultan Ahmet III in person. The Sultan received Rakoczi as a king and addressed him a such. He issued permission that that they temporarily settle in Yusufoglu Bahcesi. Affter a time they finally moved into the 25 residences which Sultan Ahmed III had purchased from some Greeks and Armenians. A short while after the settlement, the street was renamed “Hungarian Street”. Secret passages and tunnels were built to connect the houses to each other, enabling Rakoczi and his attendants to communicate or see each other easily and safely.

At one end of the street were the temples, while there was the dining house at the other. Praying and dining took place in these buildings.

The furniture and inner wall decorations of the dining house, which has kept his original from up to 20th Century, were removed and taken to Hungary in 1906 together with the ashes of Rakoczi himself. The reliefs in the rooms were renovated in 1981 and 1982 by the Hungarian Institution for the Protection of Historical Treasures.

Today this house functions as a living example of Hungarian defiance against the oppression, a symbol of an exemplary leader who worked not only for the Hungarians, but also for all oppressed peoples.

PROFILE OF ISTANBUL’S OLYMPIC BID

The significance of Istanbul’s successful bid not host the Olympic Games lies very much in its potential for mobilizing the city’s and country’s resources towards promoting active participation of our youth in sports. Awarding of the Games is critical for Istanbul’s log-term objectives, which include spreading Olympism as a way of life and developing the educational benefits of sports throughout the country.

The legacy will be strong and ednuring, not only for the city, but also for the whole country. Istanbul Games will have an extremely significant regional impact: They will contribute to the modernization and peace effort in the troubled area of the world that extends from the Balkans to the Middle East, the Caucasus and Central Asia in way on other single event can.

Istanbul enjoys vigorous governmental support. The Turkish Olympic Law, enacted in 1992, provides unequivocal evidence of the financial and administrative support of the State towards preparations for and the organisation of the Olympic Games in Istanbul.

Istanbul’s candidacy also benefits from the strong backing of the local government. The Mayor, as well as two other representatives from the Greater Istanbul Municipality, is on the Istanbul Olympic Bidding Committee (IOBC) established by the Turkish Olympic Law. The National Olympic Committee of Turkey, which will celebrate its centennial year in 2008, is another body that provides the city with vital support. Equally significant is the solid public support of Istanbul’s candidacy.

IOBC, the responsible for Istanbul’s bidding effort at present, has been constantly developing and implementing Istanbul’s Olympic Project for the past eight years. The IOBC will immediately transform into the Istanbul OCOG (organizing committee) when the city is awarded the Games. The IOBC has invested US $ 181 million in sports facilities over the past eight years. A case in point is the 80,000-seat Olympic Stadium, of which 75 percent of the physical construction work has been finalized and will be inaugurated in December 2001. Likewise, the 22,000-spectator capacity Atakoy Dome is about to be completed. The IOBC also attaches special importance to building experience in hosting multi-sports events.

Under the same law, the Treasury of the Republic has allocated the IOBC 584 hectares of land for the development of the Olympic Park. The Olympic and Media villages are located to the immediate south of the Olympic Park, almost within walking distance. Istanbul can host all 28 of the sports on the Olympic summer games program in the city and all of the 28 International Federations have given their approvals for the proposed venues.

Istanbul, with the wealth of its history, its natural features and geographical location is a city of culture there religions and languages have merged over thousands of years of coexistence. Modern Istanbul has extensive accommodation and outstanding congress facilities.

Istanbul is ideally located for the games; and its telecommunications infrastructure is among the most highly developed in the world. Turkey is one of only 16 countries to have their own national satellite system.

Istanbul, biding for the third consecutive time and attaching primary significance to collaboration with all interested parties, is resolute in learning from experience, seeking advice and building on those premises until the very last Olympic requirement is met.

KIRKLARELI

Kirklareli is one of the five towns located on the European side of Turkey, bordered by Bulgaria in the north, Edirne in the west, the Black Sea-Istanbul in the east and Tekirdag in the south. Historical documents show that many people lived in this region from the Neolithic age (6000 B.C.) as feudal clans or city states. In the 4th century B.C. after the disintegration of Odrysis State, the Macedonian King Philip II invaded Kirklarely; the city vas later destroyed by the Ostrogoth invasion. Kirklareli was captured from Byzantium by Demirtas Pasha during the r

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