General secondary education is provided at triple level, twelve-year general education schools. One or more levels, i.e. primary: forms 1-4 (age 6/7 to 10/11); lower secondary: forms 5-10 (age 10/11 to 16/17); and secondary: forms 11-12 (age 16/17 to 18/19) can form an independent establishment. The Ministry of Education and Science regulates the length of the academic year. Other types of general education schools include gymnasiums and international baccalaureate schools. Gymnasiums provide an in-depth specialized general education and set higher requirments for pupils. They usually have forms 1-4 consisting of
In Lithuania, higher education is provided by 26 higher education institutions (HEI): 15 state university level institutions, 4Â state non-university HEI, 4 non-state university level HEI and 3 non-state non-university level HEI.Â Undergraduate studies last for four to five years in HEI. A professiobnal qualification can be obtained together with a degree (aaat university level) or separately (non-university level). Upon completing a Bachelor’s programme, students can follow a specialized professional or Master’s programme that lasts for one-and-a-half to two years.Doctoral studies last for four years, of which one-and-a-half to two years are devoted to preparing for Doctoral examinations. Candidates must prepare and publicly defend a doctoral dissertation to be awarded a Doctoral degree. The Lithuanian Government, on the recommendation of the Science Council of Lithuania, grants the right for research and HEI accccept candidates and award Doctoral Degrees in a speciality. State research institutes (29), in an effort to integrate research and higher education, are organizing joint doctoral curricula with institutions of higher education.
Main laws/decrees governing higher education:
Decree: Law on Higher Education Year: 2000
Concerns: All higher education institutions
Classes from: Sep to: Jun
Long vacation from: 1 Jul to: 31 Aug
Languages of instruction: Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, English, German, French
Stages of studies:
Post-secondary studies (technical/vocational type):
There are 7 non-university level HEI that provide higher education. Studies last for 3 to 4 years. Students should hold a Maturity Certificate or Diploma from a junior college. After completion of studies, a Higher Education Diploma is conferred.
University level studies:
University level first stage: Basic studies (Pagrindines studijos):
Basic studies lead to a Bachelor’s Degree or a professional qualification and generally last for four or five years (160 credits, 1 credit being one week of student work, 40 hours workload per week). They include general theory, speciality theory and practical subject modules. The programme may lead to a professional qualification (Diploma) such as teacher, engineer, artist etc
University level second stage: Specialized or Master’s studies (Magistras):
Upon completion of a basic study programme, graduates may pursue specialized professional studies or studies leading to a Master’s Degree which last for one-and-a-half to two years. Specialized professional study programmes lead to professional qualifications, e.g. the qualification of medical doctor.
University level third stage: Doctoral studies (DoktorantÅ«ra):
The Doctorate may usually be awarded after the candidate has obtained a Master’s Degree, a professional qualification or an equivalent Certificate. It takes no more than four years, of which one-and-a-half to two years are spent on doctoral courses. The volume of these courses is no less than five subjects with final examinations, each subject taking moreÂ than 45 hours. Upon completion of the doctoral course, a doctoral thesis must be prepared and publicly defended in order for the candidate to qualify for the Doctorate. Doctoral studies must be jointly organized by higher education and research institutions.
University level fourth stage: Habilitation/Habilitacija:
The highest academic research qualification, the Habilituotas Daktaras, is awarded to holders of a Doctorate who have published significant scientific results in relevant Lithuanian or international journals as well as in monograph or habilitation theses