Compare and contrast the Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid Empires. What made it possible for these empires to rise? Who were their prominent leaders? What are some examples of their cultural achievement? Which empire, in your opinion, was the most powerful and influential? What factors led to each empire’s collapse or decline?
Starting at 1450, the spiritual descendants of the Prophet Muhammad rose in the West and South Asia, which spread and controlled three vast and powerful empires: the Ottoman Empire centered in Annatolia, the Safavid Empire of Persia, and the Mughal Empire in India for several centuries. Military and religious factors gave rise to these ones of the largest, best organized and most enduring empires in the world history. However, the same factors together with economical, political, cultural and external difficulties caused the fall of these great empires.
The peak of one Islamic culture, usually associated with the Ottoman Empire by most historians, appeared in the XV century, when Turks, under Mohamed II, toook over Constantinople in 1453 and the Byzantine Empire fell. In 1514 Turks completed the conquest of Anatolia by defeating the remains of the Byzantine Empire and Safavids. And by the 1520s most Arabs were under Ottoman control. One of the most pr
There were more great Islamic empires which rose together with Ottoman Empire, nevertheless, none of them could compare with the achievements of the Ottoman Empire. One of these Islamic civilizations was the Persian Safavid Empire, which emmerged in XIII century under Ghazan (1295- 1304), also known as Ilkhan, the descendent of Chinggis Khan. Ghazan declared Islam as the state religion, which united the country under his rule, increased literacy rate, and gave rise to on of the greatest cultures in the world. Hundreds of Chinese doctors, engineers, artists, and patternmakers came seeking opportunity in the Persian- Mongol- Turkish- capital Tabriz. The glory of Persian miniature painting, pottery, and carpets is remembered and valued till our days. Shah Abbas (1
Even though Islamic culture spread though 3 Continents of the world and gave rise to three great Empires, which left a great remark in history of the world, the empires were not meant to continue for ever. The Empires fought against each other, were divided inside themselves and European countries an
To conclude, the Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid Empires were ones of the greatest powers in the world form the XV century till modern times, which provided the world with great inventions, cultures, civilizations, leaders, however, domestic problems and external difficulties led to the destruction of the empires.