The Olympic Games are the world‘s number one sports event. For athletes they mean a chance to win gold and glory. For all people they are they are symbol of peace, hope, friendly cooperation between nations, fairness high moral and physical standards.
There have been 2 Olympic eras – ancient and modern.
The Olympic Games were firs held at Olympia in Greece in 776 BC. Many thousands of spectators gathered from all parts of Greece, but no married woman was admitted even as a sppectator. Slaves, women and dishonoured person were not allowed to compete. In ancient Greece athletic festivals were very important and had strong religious associations. The Olympian athletic festival, held every four years in honour of Zeus, eventually lost it’s local character, became first national event and then international. Athletes traveled long distances to compete in them every 4 years and the winners became civic heroes. This went on until the Roman Empire conquered Greece. The games were stopped in 393 AD. The Ciity of Olympia remained deserted until it was destroyed by two earthquakes in the 6 century AD.
Baron Pierre de Coubertin who was fascinated by the Ancient Olympic brought the classical games back to life. The first modern Olympic Games were he
The symbols of the Games are the Olympic torch witch symbolizes the continuation of the ancient Greek athletic ideals and the Olympic flag, five interlocking rings of which symbolize the uniting of all five continents participating in the Games.
The Olympic flame is a symbol of the search for perfection and victory. It’s lit at Olympia from the rays of the sun. then it’s carried to the Games by a series of runners. It buurns in the stadium from start to finish at every Olympics. The Olympic Ceremony is usually is huge show of song, dance and music by people from the host country. The flame is lit and the Olympic flag is raised during the opening ceremony. The Games are officially opened by the host country’s monarch or political leader.