Definition of crime in general.
The systematic study of the causes (artiology), prevention, control and penal responses to crime is called criminology. For these purpose, the definition of crime depends on the theoretical stance taken. The nature of crime could be viewed from either a legal or normative perspective. A legalistic definition takes as its starting point the common law contained in the laws enacted by the sovereign government. A crime is any culpable action or omission prohibited by law and puunished by the state. This is an uncomplicated view: a crime is a crime because the law defines it as such. A normative definition views crime as cultural standarts specifying how humans ought to behave. This approach considers the complex realities surrounding the concept of crime and seeks to understand how changing social, political, psychological and economic conditions may effect the current definitions of crime and the form of the legal, law enforcement and penal responses made by the state. Thhese structural realities are fluid and often contentious. For example, as cultures change and the political environment shifts, behaviour may be criminalised a decriminalised which will directly affect the statistical crime rates determine the allocation of resources for the enforcement of
The process of criminalisation should be controlled by the state because: victims or witnesses of crimes might be deterred from taking any action if they fear retaliation. Even in policed societies, fear may inhibit reporting or co-operation in a trial.
Antisocial behaviour is criminalised and threated as offences against society which justifies punishment by the government. A series of
Personality of the state. Rights of the citizen. Public administration. Administration of justice. Religious sentiment and faith. Public order. Public economy, industry, and commerce. Public morality. Person and honour. Patrimony.
Or they can be distinguished depending on the related punishment with sentencing tariffs priscribed in line with the perceived seriousness of the least serious, and in some states, capital punishment for the most serious.