Kaunas

Why do we suggest Kaunas city for co-operation?

Kaunas is the second largest city, located in the middle of Lithuania at the
confluence of two largest rivers.
Population – 381,3 thousand, area – 15,7 thousand ha
16% of the total number of the registered companies in Lithuania are
operating in Kaunas.
In Kaunas industrial production makes 13,1% of the total amount of the
Lithuanian production.
The mostly developed industry: food and beverages, textile and light
industry, chemistry, pharmacy, wood processing, furniture. IT and
electronics has become perspective field of activity in Kaaunas.
Well developed infrastructure.
Kaunas city lies at the intersection of two international multimodal
transport corridors: North-South direction: the highway “Via Baltica”
(Warsaw – Helsinki) and the railway line Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas- Warsaw.
East-West direction: middle sections of road and rail branches of Corridor
No. 9,9B (Kiev-Minsk-Vilnius-Kaunas-Klaipėda) and 9D (Kaunas – Kaliningrad).
Kaunas Free Economic Zone is located near Kaunas city and covers the area of
10 km
Karmėlava International airport is located 12 km from Kaunas city, close to
Kaunas Free Economic Zone. Due to the particularly convenient geographical location, it is used both for cargo and passengers’ transportation. Using
the existing transport possibilities, transit cargo can be delivered from
Kaunas airport to any destination in the world.
Qualified labour force – 8 universities and a number of colleges and
vocational training sc

chools
are operating in Kaunas.

YOU ARE ALWAYS WELCOME TO KAUNAS

Kaunas was fated to become the capital of Lithuania in the 20th year of the
last century, which can be considered the Gold Age of the city governed by
its first Burgomaster Jonas Vileisis. History tells that even before this
date the city, situated at the confluence of the rivers Neris and Nemunas,
experienced more than one Age of Gold. Kaunas lived through prosperous times
and years of devastation, but it came up again replacing ruins with new
white-towered buildings, the magnificence of which became known in the most
distant lands.

In 1408, Magdeburg rights were granted to the city of Kaunas by the
privilege of Vytautas the Great. In accordance with the current prrivilege,
we aim to turn our city into a modern place with the developed economy and
high culture.

Kaunas with its 400 thousand inhabitants is one of the most significant
cities of the country these days. It is not only the city of old traditions,
but also a large centre of business and industry. Indeed, Kaunas is the city
of youth with over 24 thousands students studying in five Universities of
Kaunas.

Our city is open for friends and co-operation partners. We kindly give ou

ur
hands to investors, who choose our city not because of the cheap labour
force, but because of the high-competence specialists able to solve the most
complicated tasks. The day when the first companies start functioning in the
Kaunas Free Economic Zone will come soon. Their production will reach the
largest markets of the world and make the name of Kaunas known there.

There are so many things that we want to show and share with our friends.
Therefore, we will feel honoured seeing You in such international cultural
events as “Kaunas Jazz” festival and the annual “Pazaislis Music Festival”,
exhibition “Kaunas 2002” and the Rockers Fiesta. Our guests will always be
welcome at the newest hotels, clubs and concert halls of the city. Each of
You will be given a chance to see that the city near the rivers Neris and
Nemunas is occupied with studies, work and preparation for festivals, but
the people here will give their hearts to make their guests feel happy.

News

The main traditional events in Kaunas City

HISTORICAL SURVEY

People have been living since long, long ago in the place where present day
Kaunas stands, at the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers. The
settlement, which grew up to

o Kaunas town, was first mentioned by the
chroniclers in 1361. Toward the end of the 13th century, in order to defend
Kaunas from the Crusaders attacks, a brick castle was buit and became an
important part of the town defence system. After Vytautas the Great granted
the Magderburg rights to the town, Kaunas began to grow at a greater pace,
the importance of the town as the centre and the port for the trade with
Western Europe increased. With the signing of Hansa agreement in 1441 the
merchants of Hansa town opened an office which was active until 1532.
Already in the 16th century the first school, public hospital, chemist’s
shop were opened. At the end of the century Kaunas became one of the
bestformed towns of the Lithuanian Kingdom.

17-18th centuries were especially unfavourable to the town. The reasons of
it were various disasters: attacks by the Russian army in 1665, Swedish
march to Russia in 1701 during which the Lithuanian land was devastated, a
plaque in 1657 and 1708, and fires in 1731 and 1732.

At the end of the 18th century Kaunas economics revived until the war of
1812 when Napoleon army crossed the Nemunas river in Kaunas. The town was
devastated twice during this war. The en

nd of the 18th century is saw many
achievements that supported the development of the town industry and trade –
Oginsky canal that connected the Nemunas and Dnieper rivers was opened, the
railway connecting Russian Empire and Germany was built in 1862, the first
power plant began to function in 1898. However, the construction of the
forts around Kaunas, from 1882 to 1915 impeded the growth of the town. The
First World War stemmed the further development of Kaunas. The
represantatives of various nationalities and authorities governed Kaunas
until 1919. When Russia occupied Vilnius in 1919, the State Council and
Cabinet of Ministers were established in Kaunas. In 1920, when Poland broke
the Suvalki agreement and occupied Vilnius, Kaunas became the provisional
capital and the most important city of Lithuania. In the same year the
Constituent Seimas gathered in Kaunas and laid the basis for the country’s
legal system. Kaunas started expanding greatly, the population incresed
significantly, industry flourished and many main industry branches of
Lithuania were developed during the years of independence. Construction
prospered, many buildings were reconstructed, new significant architectural
monuments emerged, bridges were built across the Nemunas and Neris rivers,
linking the neighbourhoods of Aleksotas and Vilijampolė with the centre. In
1924 the first busses appeared in Kaunas, and in 1928 plumbing was
installed. However, this period of the city prosperity was ceased by the
damages made by soviet occupation.

When Vilnius regained the status of the capital city after the war, Kaunas
became the second biggest city in accordance to the size and population. The
city, devastated by the war, was under reconstruction, but at the same time
soviet occupants started to demolish and destroy everything that reminded
the life of the independent Lithuania. One of the first public protests
against the Soviet rule was in 1972, when Romas Kalanta set himself on fire
in the square in front of the Musical Theatre of Kaunas.

In 1988, upon the rising of the liberation movement, many city sights were
revived: street, square and museum names were returned, many monuments of
independence times were restored. When the Soviet army attempted to encroach
upon the newly independent Lithuania in 1991, the residents of Kaunas kept
watch at the Sitkūnai radio and television transmitter, wiling to give their
lives for their country’s freedom. After the Soviet Army was withdrawn from
Lithuania, all sorts of opportunities for the development and cooperation
with foreign countries opened for the city. Today Kaunas is the second
biggest city in Lithuania and the centre of Kaunas County.

Pictures from Vytautas Magnus Military Museum.

TERRITORY, POPULATION

The whole area of the city is 15,7 thousand ha, out of which: 6,8 thousand
ha is covered by structures, 0,1 thousand ha – by roads, 1,8 thousand ha –
by agricultural areas, 2,2 thousand ha – green areas, 1,2 thousand – water,
3,6 thousand ha – by arears of other purpose.

According to the population census of 2001, 381,3 thousand people reside in
Kaunas, out of which men constitute 172,1 thousand, and women – 209,2
thousand. The population density per 1 sq km in 2001 was 2428.

Lithuania is by no means just Kaunas, but Kaunas is by all means Lithuania!

Welcome to Kaunas, dear guests! We appreciate your choice to learn more
about Kaunas and do our best in order your visit to our green and hospitable
city would bring you just positive and pleasant experiences.

Kaunas is attractive to tourists and visitors because of its uniqueness and
specific features. Tourists become impressed by the hospitality of Kaunas
citizens and by the true Lithuanian spirit, as more than 90% of the city
inhabitants are Lithuanians. Since the early Middle ages, Kaunas has always
been one of the most significant cities of the country, situated in a
beautiful and strategic place, at the confluence of two largest Lithuanian
rivers, and also at the crossroad of the main roads. Kaunas is always busy
with active life and business.

Tourists can reach the city by all types of transport. Kaunas is only 12
kilometers away of the international Karmelava airport and 90 kilometers
away of the Vilnius airport. Kaunas can also be conveniently reached by the
main highways and railroads. On the way from Helsinki to the Western Europe,
towards Warsaw, or from the Lithuanian seaside to the East, towards Vilnius,
one will always pass by Kaunas. You will miss a lot, if you do not spend
some time in our green and welcoming city. The image of Lithuania will not
be complete without seeing Kaunas.

Numerous significant and interesting architectural and historic monuments
can be found in the cozy Old Town. They all reflect the great and honorable
past of the city. Remains of Kaunas castle, built in the 13th century, stand
at the confluence of the rivers Nemunas and Neris, while many other
interesting and attractive objects can be found near the “white swan” – Town
Hall, standing in the center of the Town Hall square. One can easily reach
the center of Kaunas walking along the pedestrian street, which joins
Laisves avenue – the central pedestrian street of the city. For the
convenience of tourists, numerous shops, restaurants, cafes, and bars are
established along these streets. One can buy souvenirs and pieces of the
folk art there. Many objects and monuments related to the history and
culture of Lithuania and Kaunas can be found both in the city center, and in
the new districts.

Kaunas funiculars, Darius and Girenas airport, railway tunnel, bridges, and
factories are valuable objects of technical heritage. Magnificent view of
the Old Town, confluence of the two rivers, central part of the city,
Zaliakalnis district hillsides, and the old Oak Park opens from the
Aleksotas hillside place. An exclusive element of the city panorama is the
Resurrection church, still under reconstruction, symbolizing resurrection
and determination of the Lithuanian nation striving towards freedom and
independence.

The variety of exhibits in 26 museums of Kaunas city provide opportunities
for tourists to get acquainted with the history of Lithuania and Kaunas,
living habits of the nation, development of culture. The city is also
surrounded by the remains of the circle of 9 forts, constructed at the times
of the Russian Empire. One of the forts – the Ninth one – hosts the museum
for commemoration of those who suffered from Fascism and Jewish Genocide.
Kaunas Sea Regional Park, Rumsiskes open air museum, Raudondvaris castle and
other objects can be found in the adjacent territories of the district of
Kaunas.

There are 7 professional theatres in the city, which organize popular
festivals and events. People take pleasure taking part in the Pazaislis
Music Festival, Kaunas Jazz Festival, Kaunas city days, national music and
theatrical festivals, etc.

1089 places are available in 18 hotels and 4 motels of Kaunas. Many private
apartments and 4 tourism companies with 350 employees offer their services
to the city guests. Tourists will be kindly offered both Lithuanian and
exotic meals as well as pleasant environment to spend their time in modern
and traditional restaurants, cafes, and bars of Kaunas city.

More detailed information on tourism resources of the city and provided
services can be obtained at two tourist information centers, which kindly
provide information to tourists and city guests:

The lands of the Kaunas County have been considered the most important ones
in Lithuania for a long time. Not just because the soil is the best here,
the farmers are the most inventive, the industrialists are the brightest,
and the tradesmen are the most gifted. This can be found all over Lithuania.
But only the residents of Kaunas and Samogitians can be proud of the fact
that no occupant could find peace here during all wars and occupations. The
wish for freedom, the faculty of using it, the dignity, the keeping of
national interests, the wish to communicate and co-operate with
representatives of other nations, who are well disposed towards our country,
are the most characteristic features of the people of our county.

Mechanical engineering, and device production, metal working, chemical,
building materials, textile and knitwear, paper and printing, furniture,
glass and food industries are developed. There are many natural and cultural
values, which interest lovers of cognitive tourism. The infrastructure of
serving them is being rapidly developed. Cultural life is active. Some of
the significant events are the Pazaislis musical festival, international
festival of young musicians, and jazz festivals.

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