|(Darbą įkėlė Svečias)|
Darbas:sistema yra plečiama ir tobulinama, kadangi valstybės sienos apsaugos užtikrinimas yra būtina Lietuvos integracijos į Europos Sąjungą sąlyga. Pagrindinis dėmėsys skiriamas jūros sienai bei sausumos sienoms su Rusija ir Baltarusija, kadangi tai būsimos išorinės ES sienos. Briuselyje vienu svarbesnių laimėjimų vidaus reikalų srityje minima Lietuvos sienų apsaugos pažanga.
Taigi galima teigti, jog valstybės sienos apsaugos sistemos veikla ir plėtra vykdoma tinkama linkme, reikia tik laiko ir tinkamo finansavimo.
The security of a state border is a very important part of national security. Creation of favourable auspices for economic growth, for development of democracy and reduction of threat to individual, nation and its sovereignty and territorial wholeness are the main aims of national security, as well as of state border security.
In order to guarantee the security of state border it is necessary to fulfil such tasks:
• to exercise customs, medical quarantine and veterinary control;
• to exercise control of the processes of migration;
• to exercise control of the border crossing and to examine cargo, being taken through border;
• to control commercial and other activities in the border zone and other tasks.
The Border Security Service of the State, the National Security Ministry, the Customs, the Veterinary and Food Service of the State and others according to their competence are the institutions implementing the security of state border. The Border Security Service of the State is the most important. It was specially instituted for securing state border.
There are important and still unsolved problems in the Border Security Service of the State. The main problems are: imperfections of legislation and inconsistence with European Union law; imperfect framework of the Border Security Service of the State; the lack of facilities in the border zone. In order to solve these problems there are adequate actions taken, such as improvement of the framework, development of legislation and its consistency with EU law, also development of border zone facilities and development of cooperation.
Now the whole system of the state border security is developing and improving. The state border security is the condition, which must be fulfilled in order to enter the European Union. The focus of attention is on the Lithuanian sea borders, also on borders with Russia and Belarus. These borders will become the outer borders of the European Union. The European Union regards the progress of Lithuanian border security as one of the most important achievements of Lithuania in integration to the EU.
On conclusion it can be said that activity